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Technical Knowledge Bases


| Biometry | Digital Signature |
Biometry
 Biometric Consortium
  The Biometric Consortium serves as the US Government's focal point for research, development, test, evaluation, and application of biometric-based personal identification/verification technology. They define Biometrics as "Automatically recognizing a person using distinguishing traits (a narrow definition):"
 Biometrics Research Page (Michigan State University)
  Biometrics refers to the automatic identification of a person based on his/her physiological or behavioral characteristics. This method of identification is preferred over current methods involving passwords and PIN numbers for various reasons: the person to be identified is required to be physically present at the point-of-identification; identification based on biometric techniques obviates the need to remember a password or carry a token. With the increased use of computers as vehicles of information technology, it is necessary to restrict access to sensitive/personal data. By replacing PINs, biometric techniques can potentially prevent unauthorized access to or fraudulent use of ATMs, cellular phones, smart cards, desktop PCs, workstations, and computer networks. PINs and passwords may be forgotten, and token based methods of identification like passports and driver's licenses may be forged, stolen, or lost. Thus biometric systems of identification are enjoying a renewed interest. Various types of biometr ic systems are being used for real-time identification, the most popular are based on face recognition and fingerprint matching. However, there are other biometric systems that utilize iris and retinal scan, speech, facial thermograms, and hand geometry.
 Biometrics Resources (Biometrics Consortium)
 BioSEC Alliance
  The BioSEC Alliance is a multi-vendor initiative dedicated to promoting enterprise authentication solutions
 BIOTEST Biometric Testing Services - ESPRIT Project No: 21978 (National Physical Laboratory, UK)
  The BIOTEST project is concerned with biometric technologies as used for the authentication of individuals. It is aimed at developing standard metrics for comparing biometric devices, and establishing testing facilities for such devices.
Digital Signature
 Digital Signature Guidelines (American Bar Association)
  The "Guidelines" describe a system for ensuring the identity of the holder of a private key, for making digital signatures as usable in commerce and in legal proceedings as a written signature on paper, and for ascribing appropriate responsibility to those engaged in electronic commerce should one of the parties involved deny liability under the transaction. Those engaging in electronic commerce will want to know that the message and the electronic "signature" attached to the message can both be verified and can be used in court to bind the "signer" to the deal. Looking ahead, the American Bar Association Section of Science and Technology has produced the first legal overview of the use of cryptology, electronic signatures, and entity authentication over an open network like the Internet. The resulting document is called the Digital Signature Guidelines, now available online for FREE from the ABA.
 Digital Signature Working Group (Internet Law and Policy Forum)
  There are over 65 "digital signature" initiatives underway world-wide. (The term digital signature is used generically here to mean electronic authentication of documents.) Despite the amount of work being done to analyze the legal and policy implications of digital signatures, governments have moved forward to produce legislative mandates that often are inconsistent or lack interoperability. ILPF has established a digital signature working group to address these inconsistencies because Internet commerce depends upon a robust digital signature environment that does not preclude innovation in technology or favor any one product or cryptographic algorithm over another.
 Digital/Electronic Signatures Resource Center (PenOp)
  Includes articles on the legal aspects of digital signatures, and other items
 Electronic Signatures - Links (State of Kentucky)

 

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18 October, 2000
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