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A smartcard is a plastic card containing a small chip that includes a microprocessor and memory. The same size as a credit card, it has gold contacts that allow other devices to communicate with the card. It can contain more data than a magnetic strip and can be programmed to reveal only the relevant information. For example, it could tell a device in a store that there is sufficient balance in an account to pay for a transaction without revealing the balance amount. Encryption techniques secure the data, and the processor allows it to be programmed for different applications.
This section from the Smartcard Industry Association covers smart card applications, standards and specifications, smart card overview, smart card museum, together with white papers, application notes, and technical documents
"Smart Cards have proven to be quite useful as a transaction/ authorization/identification medium. As their capabilities grow, they could become the ultimate thin client, eventually replacing all of the things we carry around in our wallets, including credit cards, licenses, cash, and even family photographs."
"This guide has been designed to serve as a valuable resource for finding the services, products and people you need in the rapidly evolving, lightning-fast-paced world of advanced card technologies and applications."
The International Card Manufacturers Association (ICMA) is a global non-profit association of plastic card manufacturers, suppliers and other industry participants which promotes the plastic card industry and the value of its products and services.
The IMRG (Interactive Media in Retail Group) is Europe's leading interactive retailing community. Networked screens of various kinds - in the office, home and pocket - will be readily available to almost everyone in Europe within a few short years, and the services they provide access to will constitute a feature-rich dynamic global marketplace. The Interactive Retail Industry which is evolving to service this marketplace requires pragmatic and robust Standards to enable its fast-track growth. The IMRG is setting and maintaining these standards, and facilitates its community of members with practical help, information, guidance and networking.
The Java Card specifications enable JavaTM technology to run on smart cards and other devices with limited memory. The Java Card API allows applications written for one smart card platform enabled with Java Card technology to run on any other such platform.
MUSCLE is a project to coordinate the development of smart cards and applications under Linux. The purpose is to develop a set of compliant drivers, API's, and a resource manager for various smart cards and readers for the GNU environment.
The OpenCard Framework is an open standard providing an architecture and a set of APIs that enable application developers and service providers to build and deploy smart card aware solutions in any OpenCard-compliant environment
SET uses a system of locks and keys along with certified account IDs for both consumers and merchants. Then, through a unique process of "encrypting" or scrambling the information exchanged between the shopper and the online store, SET ensures a payment process that is convenient, private and most of all secure.
Covers Crypto Link Farms, Crypto Archives, Crypto Social Issues, Crypto Software, Anonymity and Privacy, Random Numbers, Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), Security Agencies and Organizations, Security Books and Publications, Security People, Security Problems, Access Control, ata Encryption, Interception and Monitoring, Investigative Tools, Smart Cards, Security Standards, Laws, and Guidelines
Smart Cards are used in many different applications around the world. Some applications covered by this paper include Loyalty, Banking, Healthcare, Telephony, Information Technology, Mass Transit, Government, Identification
The Forum was established in 1993 to accelerate the widespread acceptance of multiple application smart card technology by bringing together, in an open forum, leading users and technologists from both the public and private sectors. The Forum membership is diverse with over 190 organizations from around the world. The Forum's goals are to lead the smart card industry forward by establishing a vision for interoperability, establish an environment that facilitates market trials, provide objective and timely smart card information to members, and to develop cross industry positions on issues relevant to technology, business, and legal and public policy.
"With over One Billion Smart Cards shipping per year, the industry's phenomenal success continues. The US market has gone from a few thousand card in the early nineties to over; 2 million smart cards in mobile handsets (GSM), 1 million smart cards used as University ID cards, 2 million cards used in laundry applications, and 5 million smart cards used in direct satellite TV decoders. With the inclusion of smart card readers in the Microsoft PC-99 specification, Microsoft's PC/SC reader specification, Sun's JavaCard, and Microsoft's smart card for Windows, the technology is clearly being adopted by the PC industry. In fact, many industry experts believe the PC smart card reader will be as common as the Mouse is today. With tens of millions of PC's shipping per year, the industry's growth is ensured."
The Smart Card Information Directory is intended to assist the Federal government and other interested organizations in exploring Smart Card technology and applications by providing information and access to relevant Internet Sites
This page presents the work carried out in the framework of a research project funded by the European Commission through the Esprit Program (EP8670) under the name "CASCADE " (Chip Architecture for Smart CArds and portable intelligent DEvices).
The Open Platform is a comprehensive system architecture that enables the fast and easy development of globally interoperable smart card systems. It is comprised of three integrated elements: the Open Platform card specifications, Open Platform terminal specifications, and the Open Platform workbench tools.
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